By MICHEL PETIT, MICHELE DE BENEDICTIS, DENIS BRITTON, MARTIJN DE GROOT, WILHELM HENRICHSMEYER and FRANCESCO LECHI (Eds.)
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Extra info for Agricultural Policy Formation in the European Community: The Birth of Milk Quotas and Cap Reform
Hence the main instrument of pressure consists of the positions taken by the FNSEA both publicly and privately in the numerous consultative bodies advising the government, of which the FNSEA is a member. The FNSEA has also an influence on the semi-public APCA (see below) through the support it may give to or withhold from farmers who are candidates in elections to that organization. Behaviour during the period under study Given the importance of dairy policy to the FNSEA and its distrust of the government, one can understand why the FNSEA was opposed to dairy quotas.
On the other hand that risk was reduced by the fact that he had been mending fences with farm leaders after he had succeeded Mrs Cresson. 47 Behaviour The bureaucracy, particularly the Direction of Production and Trade (DPE) and its Milk Bureau, was very active in lauching discussions at all levels with economic organizations and government agencies concerned with the Commission proposals, as soon as these were published. These actors were instrumental in the elaboration of various progressive co-responsibility schemes.
The fact that other organizations did not play any significant role in the policy debate is in itself quite interesting. It probably reflects a rather broad consensus in France that farmers deserve a special economic treatment and that this treatment is to be given through the agricultural policy. It is up to Government agencies to see to it that this policy is consistent with other policies. Consumers at large are of course affected by agricultural policies through the prices they pay for food; but they are not easily mobilized by consumer organizations on agricultural price issues.