Asian Cross-border Marriage Migration: Demographic Patterns by Melody Chia-Wen Lu, Yang Wen-shan

By Melody Chia-Wen Lu, Yang Wen-shan

Regardless of lively scholarly curiosity within the phenomenon of cross-border marriage migration among Southeast and East Asia—a majority of which marriages are among males from wealthier areas and ladies from areas which are much less economically developed—we be aware of little or no approximately who those ladies are and why they decide to marry and migrate. This quantity presents an summary of the demographic styles and social matters concerning cross-border marriage some time past 20 years, in addition to case stories that contemplate the dwelling reports and methods of cross-border households within the host societies, sending groups, and transnational networks of countries like Japan, South, Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam. 

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E. 7 On the other hand, the rapidly growing large metropolitan areas, especially the Tokyo metropolitan area in eastern Japan, has also experienced a relative shortage of female migrants in the prime marital age interval compared to the rest of the country. Thus, as a consequence of gender-selectivity in the internal migration of the Japanese, shortages of potential brides in Japan are relatively serious at the two extremes of the rural-urban hierarchy of the settlement system. Ishikawa also found that ‘the marriage squeeze for men is most pronounced in Eastern Japan, especially in the Kanto region.

Although our sample from the census is limited by the lack of information on the nationality of the husbands of foreign wives, we can safely assume that most husbands of those in the first two categories are Japanese, with two exceptions. The first exception involves the Nikkeijin (foreign citizens of Japanese descent), mostly from Brazil and to a lesser extent Peru, who were welcomed by the Japanese government to come with their family members since the 1990 revision of the immigration law. The second exception involves Koreans who for historical reasons have had a large ethnic community in Japan for several generations.

Cultural understandings of wifehood and modernity also constitute part of the pull factors that account for motivations of marriage migration, via media and other forms of cultural globalization. Such pull factors also include the ideology of establishing a stable family life with middle-class resources that only lie beyond their borders. As Suzuki (2005:128) points out, there is a cultural logic of marriage to foreigners that is ‘considered an easy and secure entry to wealth, stability, and mobility’.

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