Biodiversity for Sustainable Development by K.P. Laladhas, Preetha Nilayangode, Oommen V. Oommen

By K.P. Laladhas, Preetha Nilayangode, Oommen V. Oommen

Divided into 3 sections, this publication explores the 3 major pillars of sustainable improvement, particularly financial system, surroundings and society, and their interlinkages on the nearby point. the 1st part, entry and profit Sharing (ABS) for sustainable improvement, makes a speciality of overseas agreements and nationwide laws, in addition to the demanding situations in enforcing ABS in e.g. India. In flip, the second one part examines the method of forming Biodiversity administration Committees (BMCs) on the neighborhood Self govt (LSG) point to advertise environmental sustainability, highlighting neighborhood and community-level conservation projects that experience resulted in the conservation of habitats and species.

The 3rd part addresses poverty eradication and nutrients defense. The case reviews incorporated exhibit how the mix of conventional wisdom and smooth suggestions can increase the productiveness of conventional crop kinds, yielding better advantages for groups.

The goal of this quantity is to disseminate the teachings realized from those case experiences, in addition to the findings from tasks already in position, that could provide concepts that may be utilized to related difficulties in other places in an try and locate environmental strategies for sustainable improvement. additional, it introduces readers to new techniques to inclusive improvement, demonstrating that participation and grass root empowerment are key drivers of equitable and sustainable development.

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A number of high-priority points have been discussed in respect of the current situation in implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and progress towards the Aichi biodiversity targets coupled with taking stock of the Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefit arising from their utilisation (ABS). Access and benefit sharing (ABS) is yet another component of CBD to identify ecosystem value, a difficult and controversial task, and economists have often been criticised for trying to put a price tag on nature.

The Patents Act 1970 came into force in the year 1972, amending and strengthening the existing law relating to 12 A. Kumar et al. patents in India. The patent system in India is governed by the Patents Act, 1970 (No. 39 of 1970), and the Patents Rules, 2003. The Patents Act has been amended several times in 1974, 1985, 1999, 2002, and 2005. The Patent Rules have been amended in 2006. In the Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005, product patent was extended to all fields of technology such as food, drugs, chemicals, and microorganisms.

2 Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism under the Multilateral System… 25 Fig. 1 Flow of material and benefits within the multilateral system of ITPGFRA Access to global gene pool which is a network of international and national gene banks and other institution is a major benefit under the Treaty. Contracting parties to the Treaty thus receive a share of benefits from the use of PGRFA accessed through MLS. Once the crop samples have been included in the MLS, it becomes a part of the common gene pool of and shared for the benefit of the humankind.

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