Buddhist Sociology by Nandasena Ratnapala

By Nandasena Ratnapala

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The lower castes were forbidden to take part even in religious worship. Finally, caste discrimination led to denial of justice before the law to lower castes. There was one system of justice for the high castes and another one for those who are born low. Consequently, when the law was violated, the transgression of the same offence led to two different sorts of punishments depending on one's position at birth (Le. caste). Buddhut S

In a family, the basic principle is sharing. Material things are shared; so are non-material items-affection is shared; education is shared. Sharing exists in a society at various levels. But as man progresses, he develops this quality of sharing to great heights. The nature of his socialization is measured by the extent to which this quality is found in him. The next status through which an individual progresses socialization is discipline. At the lowest level we have discipline imposed by an outside agent.

Better a stick, I say, would. be Than disloyal sons estranging me, At least it keeps away an ox Or drives away a pariah dog. ' (5 1, 175-177). The Buddha's strategy appeared to have had its intended results. The force of public opinion and the shame arising out of public censure made the sons to realise their mistake and amend their behaviour accordingly. This indicates how norms and values in small groups are fortified by similar values in groups larger in size. The norms and values of the institution of the family here are strengthened by those in the community.

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