By Derek Beach, Rasmus Brun Pedersen
Causal Case learn Methods starts off with the cohesive, logical foundations for small-n comparative tools, congruence tools, and strategy tracing, then delineate the precise kinds of causal relationships for which each and every strategy is acceptable. subsequent, the authors offer useful guide for deploying all of the equipment separately and together. They stroll the researcher via every one degree of the study technique, beginning with problems with suggestion formation and the formula of causal claims in ways in which have compatibility with case-based examine. They then advance instructions for utilizing Bayesian good judgment as a collection of useful questions for translating empirical facts into facts which may or won't ascertain causal inferences.
extensively acclaimed teachers, the authors draw upon their wide event on the graduate point in college study rooms, summer time and iciness university classes, workshops, round the globe.
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Extra resources for Causal Case Study Methods: Foundations and Guidelines for Comparing, Matching, and Tracing
Causal Mechanisms Viewing causation in mechanism terms means chat we explain why some thing occurred by analyzing the actual causal processes whereby an outcome was produced. g. , Bhaskar 1978; Bunge 1997; Glennan 1996; Machamer, Craver, and Darden 2000; Machamer 2004; Salmon 1998). In the mechanism understanding, causation is seen as more than just councerfaccual difference-making. Here the analytical focus is on che actual causal process in-berween C and 0, chat is, how C concributes ro producing 0 .
Thar there are cvvo distinct answers co che question of whac mechanisms are has resulted in considerable confusion in che methodologi cal liceramre about whac process-tracing methods are. We contend chat ic makes analytical sense to refer co case studies chac trace only minimalist mechanisms as congruence studies, whereas che cerm "process-tracing" should be reserved for studies that more explicicly unpack mechanisms and engage in detailed empirical tracing of chem. We now develop these cvvo positions on mechanisms in greater detail.
We develop this argument further in chapter 9 on process-tracing. It is importanr rn nore that some adherenrs of the coumerfactual under� sranding conrend chat mechanisms ac the deepest level are jusr more elabo rate forms of counterfacrual stacemenrs abouc che links berween the pares of the mechanism, best seen in the work of Woodward (2003: 350-58). Wood ward claims that adherencs co che mechanism understanding cannot logi cally accounr for whac links each pare of a mechanism to rhe orhers, and he therefore contends that mechanisms bonom out in che councerfacrual claim chat if a given pare of a mechanism did not exist, the next part of the mechanism would also not have existed.