By Anil Kumar De, Arnab Kumar De
Designed in response to the VTU syllabus on Environmental experiences in the framework of the module syllabus of UGC, this textbook is acceptable for a typical path on atmosphere for the undergraduate scholars of all disciplines - arts, technological know-how, trade, engineering, medication, and pharmacy.
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These enhance the demand for timber and fuel wood (for man) and grazing land (for livestock). At the global level wood consumption is 46 per cent for industrial and 54 per cent for firewood purposes. In developing countries like India the picture is reverse—82 per cent for firewood and 18 per cent for industrial purpose. The present requirements in India (in 2000) are—78 per cent for fuel wood, 16 per cent for timber and 6 per cent for pulpwood (for paper industry). 1 Forest Conservation The Forest Policy of the Government of India (1952) laid down that one-third (33 per cent) of our land should be under forest 1 Big hunting game by Hindu Kings in the earlier periods had caused destruction of wild life and forests.
Tropical Rainforest Biome These occur near the equator and offer the most diverse communities on earth with fairly high temperature and humidity. The annual rainfall is more than 200–225 cm. Here one finds dense vegetation consisting of tall trees covered with creepers and orchids, numerous herbs and shrubs. Tropical rainforest is the habitat of numerous vertebrate and invertebrate animals. 2 Ecosystems Ecosystems of the world are studied on the basis of their principal habitats. Among the environmental segments, lithosphere and hydrosphere are the major habitats for a wide variety of flora and fauna.
This will mean loss of valuable medicinal plants, important sources of our medicines. For the sake of his own survival on earth, man is now concerned about the environment. The need of the hour is environmental education and awareness for all so that they learn how to handle environmental issues, how to lead a better life with less pollution and make this earth a better place to live in for the present and future generations. Environmental studies have reached the status of multidisciplinary subject—the meeting ground of all disciplines including Arts, Science, Commerce, Medical Science, Engineering, etc.